How to cite correctly in a bachelor’s or master’s thesis?

Many students believe that the basis of a bachelor’s or master’s thesis is their own thoughts, thoughts, ideas. But the opposite is true. Quality and well-written work is still recognized by us based on whether the quotations and paraphrases are used correctly. So, before you decide to contribute to the text with your own insights and ideas, make sure your idea is not described in a book or monograph by a scientist or professor.

What is a quote?

In simplicity – this is a literal transcription of a thought that has a precisely specified source that can be traced back easily. Above all, we quote the relevant opinion of a person in the field who has some professional and scientific value. Quotation has its fixed rules that apply to all universities. At the same time, schools also list them on their website.

One of the main principles of quotation at work is the binding sequence of bibliographic data, and of course, throughout the publication, citations must be given identically.

How to quote correctly?

The quotation always starts with the author’s surname, which is written in capital letters. If quotes have several authors, be sure to separate them with dashes. The last name is followed by the name, which is given by default (first letter uppercase, other lowercase) and year of publication.

The following is the title of the book, work or publication. If the title of the thesis is in a different language, because we used an English book in the bachelor’s or master’s thesis, for example, in brackets its name can be given in the translation. However, this does not apply if we cite an already translated publication. The name is usually typified in slanted letters. If the book has a subtitle, attach it as well.

The following is the order of issue, place of publication and publisher. Finally, the number of pages, editions and ISBNs are mentioned. If you are quoting from a magazine, the ISSN is given instead, in the case of digital objects, DOI. This applies when data are available. Sometimes it happens in older publications that the book does not contain an ISBN or an internet resource does not mention DOI.

Quotes with other bachelor, master, rigorous and research papers

Have you decided to quote an older colleague or some school research? Why not? Quoting from professional works looks almost the same as quotes from books, but the amount of information reported is smaller.

So start with the author’s surname and first name, followed by the year of publication and the title of the publication or work. Remember to include a possible subtitle. The subtitle is usually given the type of final thesis, specifying its direction.

The title is followed by the place of issue (filing institution), the year of issue and the total number of standard pages.

Magazine posts

Many experts are regularly publishing in proceedings and journals. If you decide to quote his statement, start with the surname (large printed letters) and the full name of the author. This is followed by the year of publication and the title of the paper. After the name, specify the year, year, volume number and range of pages (classic from – to). Finally, please provide the ISSN.

If you choose to quote from an article from the Internet, an electronic collection or a contribution, first give the surname, then the author’s name, the year of publication, and the title of the contribution, along with the subtitle, edition, and secondary responsibility for the source document.

Then indicate the place of publication and publisher, year of issue, numeracy and range of pages. The following is the date of the update (quote day – month – year), title of the edition, volume number, availability and access. In the end, please indicate the ISSN or ISBN.

What else can you quote?

In addition to books, publications or articles, you can quote norms and laws, patent laws, internal and unpublished documents, lectures, specifically chapters in publications, monographs, or habilitation papers.

You do not have to worry and combine quotes from different sources, but always make sure that the quoted data is written correctly and that the text is appropriately added.